Poor oral hygiene produces gum-disease causing bacteria and also accelerates oral cavity aging. Researchers have found these phenomena to be occurring faster than previously thought.
A recent research study shows that even within 24-72 hours of the break in oral hygiene, a steep decline of ‘good oral bacteria’ and beneficial chemicals associated with them takes place. Researchers found an increase of ‘bad bacteria’ similar to those in the mouths of patients with severe gum diseases which can potentially lead to tooth damage or loss.
In the study, 40 study participants with different levels of naturally occurring gingivitis were asked to perform good oral hygiene practices for three weeks. This led to reduction in gingivitis and a healthy oral cavity. Then their oral hygiene routine was interrupted and the gingivitis returned. Restart of oral hygiene again led to recovery due to the reversible nature of gingivitis.
The researchers performed genetic and chemical analyses on the population of bacteria in the participants’ gum as it changed. And they found sudden ‘aging’ of the bacteria in the mouth. According to the scientists, the oral bacteria environment had aged as much as that of about a year in just about a month.
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The study findings were published in the journal mBio on Mar. 9, 2021 by the research team of Qingdao Institute of BioEnergy and Bioprocess Technology (QIBEBT) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and Procter & Gamble (P&G).
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